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Fraud, Deceptions, And Downright Lies About Proxy Sites Exposed

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The term “proxy” refers to the idea of a proxy frequently called proxy servers are software that serves in the role of intermediary between client and server on the internet. Without the use of a proxy, users could make a request for an item directly to a server, and the server would then serve an item directly for the client. While this is a simple method to understand and use, proxies can provide advantages like more speed and security, privacy, and so on. As a pass-through layer the proxy acts as a security layer to the internet between users and servers.

It is generally accepted that the set of server hardware and the software used to install proxy is commonly known as proxy servers. This article will focus on proxy servers that are usually considered to be software specifically in relation with web server. We will provide a brief overview of the two main types of proxies: that is the reverse proxy as well as a forward proxy and reverse proxy. reverse proxy. Each type comes with its own use case, and is often misinterpreted due the overlapping terms.

This article will provide you with an idea of what proxies as well as their subtypes are and the ways they can be useful in various configurations. If you go through this article, you’ll learn to identify the circumstances in which the use of proxies is beneficial, and then determine the most appropriate alternative between forward and reverse proxy for a particular scenario.

Understanding Forward Proxies

A forward proxy, also known in the context of an open proxy, acts as the client’s representative who is trying to transmit requests via the internet to a source server. In this situation, any request made from the user’s side will be handled by the forward proxy. The forward proxy, in the place of the client will review the request. Then, it will determine whether the client is allowed to transmit requests through this specific forward proxy. Then, it’ll decide whether to reject the request or transfer it on to the source server. The client is unable to connect directly with the Internet. It can only connect to the internet that forward proxy allows for it to reach.

The most common reason for using forward proxy services is to improve privacy or security while using the internet. Forward proxy allows you to connect to the internet rather than clients, and in this process, it uses a different IP address than the IP address used by the client.

Depending on how it’s been set up depending on how it’s set up, forward proxy may offer a range of functions and allow you to:

  • Beware of ads-trackers.

  • Circumvent surveillance.

  • You will be able to identify any limitations based on your geographic location.

Forward proxies are also used to secure systems which are centralized and accessible based on permissions, like at work. If all internet traffic is routed through an open forward proxy layer, an administrator could limit access for just a small number of internet users that is then filtered through an common firewall. Instead of creating filters for client layers which could be used by multiple computers with different kinds of environments, it is possible to have a firewall at the layer that forwards proxy traffic.

It is important to note that forward proxy servers must be manually configured to be utilized, whereas reverse proxies can be obfuscated by clients. Based on the fact that an IP address belonging to a user is relayed to the origin server by the forward proxy, privacy and anonymity may be granted or denied.

There are a variety of possibilities to think about when it comes to forward proxy services.

  • Apache A well-known, open-source web server with forward proxy capabilities.

  • Nginx is another widely-used open-source webserver, which includes forward proxy features.

  • Squid: A no-cost forward proxy that uses an HTTP protocol. It doesn’t come with the entire web server. Learn more about how to set up Squid proxy to allow private connections in Ubuntu 20.04.

  • Dante Forward proxy that utilizes the SOCKS protocol instead HTTP which makes it more suitable for applications such as peer-to-peer connections. You may also want to learn how to set up Dante proxy to permit private connections with Ubuntu 20.04

Understanding Reverse Proxies

A reverse proxy acts as an agent for a web server which handles requests from customers on behalf of. This server can represent either a single or multiple servers. Also, it could serve as an app server, like Gunicorn. In either scenario it is possible to send a request via the internet in general. The request is typically directed directly to the web server that hosts the resources that the client requires of. Instead, a reverse proxy is a intermediary and isolates this webserver from all direct contact with the web’s public.

From the viewpoint of the client an individual’s point of view the procedure of using reverse proxy is not different from interacting with the server by itself. It’s exactly the same however the client is unable to be able to discern the difference. Client requests the resource and then receives it, without additional configuration needed from the user.

Reverse proxies provide features like:

  • The web server is secured centrally.

  • The direction of traffic coming in is according to the rules you establish.

  • A new feature for caching has been added.

While centralized security is an advantage of both reverse and forward proxy servers. Reverse proxies offer this benefit only to the server layer but not the client layer. Instead of focusing on maintaining firewalls on the server level that could include multiple servers with various configurations, the bulk of firewall security is centered on the reverse proxy layer. Additionally, removing the responsibility of communicating with firewalls and interacting to client requests off web servers allows firewalls to concentrate on providing the requirements of their clients.

In the event that there’s multiple servers hosted within a reverse proxy the reverse proxy is also responsible for how requests are routed at which server. Multiple web servers could be providing the same service, offering different types of resource or a mix of both. They may employ the HTTP protocol to serve as a standard web server, however they can also use applications server protocols like FastCGI. You can also configure a reverse proxy to direct users to a specific server based on the resource requested or to follow specific rules regarding traffic load.

Reverse proxies also gain from their placement in front of web servers, by providing the ability to cache. Large static assets can be configured using caching rules to avoid hitting web servers with every request. There are solutions that permit users to serve static assets without connecting directly to web servers in any form. Additionally, reverse proxy can manage compressing these assets.

The renowned Nginx web server can also function as a powerful reverse proxy solution. Even though Apache can also be a reverse proxy solution however, the Apache web server is equipped with a reverse proxy functionality which is a option that is accessible to Apache However, Nginx was designed originally to and concentrates specifically on reverse proxy features.

The distinction is between Forward Proxy and Reverse Proxy Use Cases

Since “forward” and “reverse” come with connotations of directionality as well as misleading comparisons to “incoming” or “outgoing” traffic The labels can be confusing as both types of proxies deal with requests and responses. An alternative method to distinguish between reverse and forward proxy is to study the requirements of the program that you’re creating.

Reverse proxy can be useful in the development of a solution to deliver web-based applications to the internet. They act as your web servers when you connect to the internet.

Forward proxy can be useful when used to present your customers’ information for your personal use or in a professional setting. They are your client’s proxy for interactions on the internet.

Differentiating by case of use instead of focusing on common naming conventions can assist you in avoiding confusion.


This article explains the meaning of a proxy with two types: forward proxy and the reverse proxy. Practical examples of use and a review of the beneficial features were used to differentiate forward proxies and reverse proxies. If you’re keen to learn more about the use of proxy servers, you should check out our tutorial on how to configure Nginx as a reverse proxy using Apache on an Ubuntu 20.04 server.

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